Modern dictionaries of African English, Akan (Akuapem, Twi, Fanti), Gbe (Ewe), Gikuyu (Kikuyu, Meru), Hausa, Igbo, Luganda, Lingala, Swahili, Ururimi (Kinyarwanda, Kirundi), Yoruba, for playing the Wo Aka* game.
This online version also contains volunteer submissions that have not been vetted for correctness.
Here is how you play Wo Aka:
RulesThe rules are quite simple
- Any number of players can play the game in any order, in any language.
- The first player plays a word, e.g. 'sea'.
- The next player must then play a word which begins with the last letter of the previous player's word, e.g. 'apple'.
- Each player must play a word within the allocated time agreed for each move.
- The game goes on until a player is stumped, and cannot think of a word to play when their turn arrives. When that happens, the next player says "wo aka!" after the stuck player has been timed out, and then makes a play. The player who cannot play is eliminated from the game. The last player standing is the winner.
- A word cannot be repeated by any player in the game.
- Any player can challenge a word played by a player. For games involving up to 4 players, each player has 2 free challenges until they are eliminated from the game. For games of 5 or more players, each player has 1 free challenge.
- Whoever wins the challenge gets to designate an arbitrary letter of the alphabet for the loser to restart the game with.
- Agree on a common dictionary for resolving word challenges before starting the game.
- Agree on the timeout period. It can be as short as you want, or as long as you want. For face to face games, 10 seconds is recommended.
Common winning strategies
- Pick words which end in letters with few entries in the agreed dictionary
- Pick obscure words that are likely to get challenged so that you can assign a letter which has few entries in a dictionary to the losing challenger.
*"Wo aka!" means "you are stumped!" in Akan.
**"Wo aka anaa?" means "are you stumped?" in Akan.